The price jump is more than double Italy’s consumer price inflation, which stood at 8.1 percent in March, according to the European Central Bank, and comes as the price of wheat has dropped.
Consumer groups have accused producers of speculation and filed an official complaint, asking authorities to investigate. Producers say a mix of factors — including higher energy costs and supply chain disruptions and inflation — is driving up their costs, forcing them to charge more for pasta, a staple of the Italian diet.
Thursday’s discussion was led by Price Surveillance Guarantor Benedetto Mineo, who said in a statement following the meeting that “a significant drop in the cost of pasta is expected shortly,” and that authorities will continue to monitor prices “to protect consumers.”
Pasta, at about $2 a box, is still relatively inexpensive. But any dispute in Italy involving pasta, which is so closely intertwined with the national identity, attracts outsize attention. (One estimate suggests that more than 60 percent of Italians eat pasta daily.)
“I can gnocchi believe the prices, I’d re-fusilli to pay,” one social media user said in response to news of the crisis meeting.
“Tagliatelle me about it!” another responded.
There is “something inherently hilarious” about the Italian government convening a crisis meeting about pasta, another user said.
This made me laugh. I know it shouldn’t, but there is something inherently hilarious about the Italian govt definition of a crisis being expensive pasta.
“Italy’s government calls crisis meeting over surging pasta prices”
— Gully Foyle #UKTrade (@TerraOrBust) May 4, 2023
The government’s reaction shows the “symbolic, emotional, cultural value that pasta has for Italians,” said Fabio Parasecoli, a professor of food studies at New York University.
Italian pasta is produced from durum wheat, whose prices, according to Italy’s largest agricultural body, Coldiretti, have fallen by 30 percent since last year. Making pasta only requires adding water to the wheat, the group said in a statement, hence the rise in prices seemed unwarranted.
Assoutenti, a consumer rights group that published a survey on regional pasta prices in April, blames the increase on producers.
“There is no justification for the increases other than pure speculation on the part of the large food groups who also want to supplement their budgets with extra profits,” Furio Truzzi, the group’s president, said in an email.
“Pasta is a primary food for the Italian diet. Increasing its price would be like raising the price of corn cob for Americans,” he added.
Assoutenti’s report found that pasta prices had on average risen by 25 percent from last year, with some cities like Modena witnessing a nearly 50 percent increase. Only in 12 of 110 provinces in Italy could a kilogram of pasta be purchased for less than $2.20.
Pasta producers, however, point to a rise in production costs. Energy, packaging and logistics have registered a significant boost in prices, adding to costs, said Ivana Calò, a spokeswoman for Unione Italiana Food, an industry body. The rise in costs is in line, she said, with the increase in food prices.
“The impact of pasta inflation on Italian families’ budget will be limited” since it only costs a few euros, she wrote in an email.
Other experts point out that the aftershocks of the conflict in Ukraine last year, when the country’s commodity markets were greatly affected, were still being felt.
“Pasta on the shelves today was produced months ago when durum wheat [was] purchased at high prices and with energy costs at the peak of the crisis,” said Michele Crippa, an Italian professor of gastronomic science.
Although the price of a box of pasta may be relatively low, the economic context in Italy means families may still feel the pinch of the increase for such a popular product. Rising prices remain a concern with the Italian economy contracting at the end of last year. The International Monetary Fund projected that the Italian economy will grow by 0.7 percent this year — below the projection of 1.3 percent for advanced economies.
In treating the rise in pasta prices like a crisis, the government may be trying to show that it is “interested in the quality of life of the citizens, even if the impact is probably much lower than the impact of the raises in electricity bills,” said Parasecoli of NYU. Italy’s far-right government has rolled out policies focused on food quality, availability and provenance, and recently renamed the agriculture ministry the “Ministry for Agriculture, Food Sovereignty and Forestry.”
In response to allegations of price fixing, Francesco Mutti, chief executive of the Mutti company, which makes preserved foods, including tomato sauce for pasta, told La Stampa that people are looking for a scapegoat and that producers have had to raise prices to keep up with costs.
“When prices increase, you take upon yourself the risk of losing market share, and that’s something that isn’t good for anybody. When we increase prices, we don’t do it lightheartedly,” he told the newspaper.
Giuseppe Ferro, chief executive of La Molisana, a major Italian pasta producer, told Il Sole 24 Ore that he expects prices will decline by September.
This isn’t the first time the price of pasta has landed companies in hot water. In 2009, agencies raided top pasta makers over allegations of price-fixing and fined them nearly $18 million.
Masih reported from Seoul and Timsit from London.